Purpose, Function and Operations of Banks

Banks are quite different than other types of organizations. Understanding the purposes, functions and operations of Banks is essential for the proper management of any financial institution. This presentation introduces key concepts in understanding how banks operate.

The presentation also covers the overall goal of banks and key management positions required in banks of various sizes. It explains how banks are arbiters of risk and providers of credit to all types of borrowers including Consumers, Businesses, other Banks and even the Government. Leverage is also a factor to consider in the operations of a bank and the primary reason why regulation is necessary for financial institutions.

Finally the presentation reviews the primary Risks that poses the greatest threat to financial institutions including Credit and Liquidity Risks and the key ratios and process required to monitor and control their levels. 

Covered Topics

  • Management: Roles & Structure
  • Banks and the Economy
  • How Are Banks Different From Other Operating Entities?
  • Why Banks Fail
  • CAMELS Ratings
  • Income & Balance Sheets
  • Risks
    • Leverage 
    • Interest Rate Risk
    • Credit Risk
  • Allowance for Loan and Lease Losses (ALLL)
  • Key Ratios